migration

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Tree of LIfe and LeMoyne Star Quilt

1820-39

Made by Mary Minor Sims Lester (1800-1888)

84 in. W x 89 in. L
6-11 stitches per inch

Gift of Daniel McGehee, Robert B McGehee, and Mary McGehee Busha
2009.55
Conservation funded by Carroll Campbell Strickland

Location

Abbeville County, South Carolina and Gwinnet County, Georgia

Abbeville County, South Carolina and Gwinnet County, Georgia

Migration of Styles from Virginia to South Carolina to Georgia

Design

Appliqué diamond medallions with pieced borders were found in Virginia, the quiltmaker’s birthplace, and sometimes in South Carolina, where she moved as a child. Mary Lester probably saw Virginia quilts growing up, and repeated this style in her own quilt. The quilt was probably made over a period of time in both South Carolina and Georgia.

Maker

Mary Lester married in South Carolina in 1820. Around 1828, her family moved to Gwinnet County, Georgia, territory still held by the Creek Nation, or Muskogee. Two enslaved women, probably a mother and young daughter, listed in the household in the 1830 census probably assisted with the quilt.

Material

Copperplate-, block-, and roller-printed and solid cottons; silk embroidery thread; cotton filling and backing The center uses red copperplate-printed (“toile de Jouy”) cotton and early block-printed chintzes. These fabrics date earlier than the roller-printed cottons in the swags and borders. Lester probably began the center in the 1820s and finished in the 1830s with the borders. The bird at the very center is the same as the one in the New Jersey quilt, also in this section.

Appliqué

Albums

Pieced

Migration